12 Sep 2019 | 5 min read
Let’s put up interesting data.
As per the KPMG report, the number of start-ups accelerated to 50,000 in 2018 from 7000 in 2008. 7.14X jump. Doesn’t it sound surprising? Artificial Intelligence, Fin-tech, food tech, health tech, and agri-tech – there is an innovation in almost each and every sector. The passion of start-up is not confined only to Tier 1 Cities; it has reached across the nook and corner of Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities. Raising Venture Capital is hitting the headlines daily. Across the country, the small start-up is busy in making presentations for raising Venture Capital (VC) Funding and applying for Line of Credit, Business Loan, etc. to fund their business activities.
In a significant relief to them, the Government of India announced the Start-up Campaign in 2015 with a Rs 10,000 crore start-up funding pool. This is a constructive step towards promoting entrepreneurship in the country. There are huge numbers of start-ups currently existing in India and to cater to their requirements, the Government of India has devised various schemes of business loans for start-ups. One such notable example is of SIDBI. Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) also offers funds to start-ups and MSMEs directly instead of channelizing through banks. Government subsidy loan for business is offered at lower interest rates than that from private banks by almost 300 basis points. Some of the most popular schemes offered by the Government of India for start-ups and MSMEs include:
1#. Stand-up India – Stand-up India is a constructive initiative to encourage entrepreneurship among SC, ST, and women communities. They can avail loans ranging from Rs 10 lakh to Rs 1 crore under this scheme.
2#. Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana – Under this PMMY(Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojna) scheme, working capital and term loan are available for all kinds of manufacturing, trading, and service sector including allied agricultural activities. The scheme was launched in 2015, for offering loans under various categories, namely- Shishu, Kishore, and Tarun in amounts ranging from Rs 50,000 and Rs 10 lakh.
3#. Bank Credit Facilitation Scheme –National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) eyes to meet the requirements of MSME Loan units easily. Usually, the loan is offered for a tenure ranging from 5-7 years, but in special, cases it can also be extended till 11 years. Credit facilitation is offered through many banks, some of which are mentioned below -
4#. Sustainable Finance Scheme – Here, the funding is available for the businesses working in green energy, renewable energy, technology hardware, and non-renewable energy segments. Headed by SIDBI, this scheme intends to provide support to the value chain of cleaner production/energy efficiency, and sustainable development project.
5#. Credit Guarantee Scheme (CGS) – These are suitable for both kinds of businesses - those who are in the initial phases, and also those who require funds to expand their businesses. It includes service and manufacturing sector industries; however educational, institutional, agriculture, and retail trade are excluded from applying for this scheme. Under this scheme, a business loan of up to Rs 2 crore can be raised.
6#. Coir Udyami Yojana – The primary aim of this scheme is to set up coir units across India. This Coir Board heads this scheme, and the fund's project costs up to Rs 10 Lakh. The rate of interest will be at par with the base rate. The total lending fund should not exceed 25% of the total cost of the project.
7#. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)- NABARD is focussed on providing refinance to lending institutions in rural areas. The bank aims to provide and regulate other facilities that help to promote and develop agriculture, cottage, small industries, handicrafts, and village industries.
Applying for a business loan at a private bank is different from applying at a government bank. The difference lies in interest rates, processing fees, processing time, and repayment policies. One has to consider the following points before making out a decision -
Processing Fee: Private Banks in most of the cases, channelize their customers via Direct Selling Agents (DSA’s). These agents charge fees to source the customers, which the banks ultimately charge from the customers in one form or another. The Public Sector Banks charge comparatively lower interest rates as their sourcing of customers have a direct approach.
Processing Time: If in case you need the funds urgently, go for a private bank. They disburse loans faster, to meet their targets and deadlines.
Efficiency: Private sector banks score better than that of public sector banks in terms of service and efficiency. In public banks, the effort is much more from a borrower’s side.
Prepayment: A public bank gives an applicant the flexibility to pre-pay as per his/her wish. However, in case of a private bank, an applicant can start pre-payment only after 6 months from the date of disbursement.
Installment Loans: This means borrowing a lump sum amount all at once. A start-up business needs to have the following things to avail an installment loan:
The loan is repaid in the form of both principal and interest amount. The interest amount is calculated from the day when the contract is signed and it remains till the closure of the loan.
In addition to these, other types of business loan include term loans, accounts receivable loan, commercial loans, to name a few.
Analyzing a few factors before applying for the business loan will help one decide what works best for them. Like - Line of Credit is the option when the borrower needs flexibility in terms of the repayment schedule. Like any other financial product, obtaining a business loan is easy. But you need to make a comparative study to figure out which financing option will work best for you.